Germany has lodged a lawsuit against Italy in the main court of the United Nations, regarding an old dispute over reparations owed by the Second World War.
Berlin, Germany | The German case refers to an earlier decision, taken by the ICJ in 2012, in which it confirmed that Germany had legal immunity from prosecutions brought by third countries because of Nazi atrocities.
This court ruling stipulated that the Italian Supreme Court had violated German sovereignty in 2008 by finding that an Italian civilian was entitled to compensation for his deportation to Germany in 1944 to work under conditions of slavery.
In this new case, Germany argues that, despite this decision, “Italian domestic courts, since 2012, have maintained a significant number of complaints against Germany in violation of its sovereignty immunity”.
In the case, which it won in 2012, Berlin argued that the Italian Supreme Court’s decision had called into question the reparations system created after the Nazi defeat, which has already led Germany to pay tens of billions of euros since the 1950s. .
With the new case brought by Germany to the court in The Hague, Berlin wants it to be declared that “Italy has violated, and continues to violate, its obligations to respect the immunity of German sovereignty, by allowing civil claims to be brought against the Germany”, because of Nazi war crimes and for wanting to auction off four properties in Rome belonging to Germans.
The case also calls for urgent court orders, designated as interim measures, to be issued, including one ensuring that German properties “are not subject to public auctions” or “other restrictive measures”, during the court’s consideration of the case, the self can take years to happen.
There is no set date for the hearings. ICJ decisions are decisive and binding.
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