Anne Frank whose real full name is Annelies Marie Frank was a victim of the Holocaust. In 1947, ” The Diary of a Young Girl” which helped her gain popularity.
The book documents her life in hiding from 1942 to 1944, during the German occupation of the Netherlands in World War II. It is one of the world’s best-known books and has been the basis for several plays and films.
This week, it was confirmed that Anne Frank was betrayed by a Jewish Notary. As persecutions of the Jewish population increased in July 1942, they went into hiding in some concealed rooms behind a bookcase in the building where Anne’s father, Otto Frank, worked.
From then until the family’s arrest by the Gestapo in August 1944, Anne kept a diary she had received as a birthday present, and wrote in it regularly. Following their arrest, the Franks were transported to concentration camps.
On the morning of Monday, 6 July 1942, the Frank family moved into their hiding place, a three-story space entered from a landing above the Opekta offices on the Prinsengracht, where some of Otto Frank’s most trusted employees would be their helpers.
This hiding place became known as the Achterhuis. Their apartment was left in a state of disarray to create the impression that they had left suddenly, and Otto left a note that hinted they were going to Switzerland.
The need for secrecy forced them to leave behind Anne’s cat, Moortje. The door to the Achterhuis was later covered by a bookcase to ensure it remained undiscovered.
Anne Frank formed a close bond with each of the helpers. Victor Kugler, Johannes Kleiman, Miep Gies, and Bep Voskuijl were the only employees who knew of the people in hiding. Along with Gies’ husband Jan Gies and Voskuijl’s father Johannes Hendrik Voskuijl, they were the “helpers” for the duration of their confinement.
The “helpers” were the only connection the Franks will have with the outside world. They would tell them about everything happening including news about the war.
Frank had documented in her diary on a regular basis, until the last entry dated August 1 1944.
On August 1944, in the morning, the Achterhuis was stormed by the Grüune Polizei led by SS-Oberscharführer Karl Silberbauer of the Sicherheitsdienst.
The Sicherheitsdienst was the primary agency, in conjunction with the Ordnungspolizei, assigned to maintain order and security in the Nazi ghettos established by the Germans throughout occupied Eastern Europe.
The Franks were taken to the RHSA along with the Van Pelses, and Pfeffer. There, they were interrogated and held overnight. The Franks were then transfered to Huis van Bewaring (House of Detention).
Two days later they were transported to the Westerbork transit camp, through which more than 100,000 Jews, mostly Dutch and German, had passed. Having been arrested in hiding, they were considered criminals and sent to the Punishment Barracks for hard labour.
It has been confirmed that the Franks discovery was due to a betrayal. Arnold Van Den Bergh, a Jewish Notary is said to be the betrayer.
In January 2022, a six year investigation led by a team of historians, including an ex-FBI agent, identified Arnold van den Bergh, a member of Amsterdam’s Jewish Council who died in 1950, as the suspected informant.
On 1 November 1944, Anne and her sister, Margot, were transferred from Auschwitz to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.
The investigation postulated that van den Bergh gave up the Franks to save his own family.
In early 1945, a typhus epidemic spread through the camp. Due to these chaotic conditions, it was not possible to determine the specific cause of Anne’s death. However, there was evidence that she died from the epidemic.
Typhus is an infectious disease caused by rickettsiae, characterized by a purple rash, headaches, fever, and usually delirium, and historically a cause of high mortality during wars and famines. There are several forms, transmitted by vectors such as lice, ticks, mites, and rat fleas.
Anne died a day after Margot.
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